Azhagi's Bengali Transliteration Scheme - Classic Style
Bengali can be typed (vide transliteration) using Azhagi, following the English to Bengali transliteration scheme/rules (i.e. English-to-Bengali letter/character/key mappings) given below.
If the characters in this page are not visible in Bengali, then it means you do not have even one suitable Unicode Bengali font in your system. To download and install atleast one FREE Unicode Bengali font, kindly visit this page or see azhagi.com's unicodeff.php for links to many such pages.
x, X and ` [character under '~' in English keyboards] are used as modifiers and/or splitters
অ = a, আ = aa/A, ই = i, ঈ = ee/ii/I, উ = u, ঊ = oo/uu/U
এ = e/ae/E, ঐ = ai, ও = o/oa/O, ঔ = au/ou
অং = aM/amx, অঁ = aMM/amxx/aMx, অঃ = aH
ঋ = rux, ৠ = Rux, ঌ = lux, ৡ = Lux
ক = ka, কা = kaa/kA, কি = ki, কী = kee/kii/kI, কু = ku, কূ = koo/kuu/kU
কে = ke/kae/kE, কৈ = kai, কো = ko/koa/kO, কৌ = kau/kou
কং = kaM/kamx, কঁ = kaMM/kamxx/kaMx, কঃ = kaH
কৃ = krux, কৄ = kRux, কৢ = klux, কৣ = kLux
ক = ka, খ = Ka/kha, গ = ga, ঘ = Ga/gha, ঙ = `ga
চ = ca, ছ = Ca/cha/Cha, জ = ja, ঝ = Ja/jha, ঞ = `ja
ট = Ta, ঠ = Tha, ড = Da, ঢ = Dha, ণ = Na
ত = ta, থ = tha, দ = da, ধ = dha, ন = na
প = pa, ফ = Pa/pha, ব = ba, ভ = Ba/bha, મ = ma
য = ya, র = ra, ল = la, ল = La, ব = va/wa
শ = sha/Sa, ষ = Sha, স = sa, হ = ha
ক্ষ = ksha/xa, জ্ঞ = j`ja
Important note on "t, T, d, D, th, Th, dh, Dh"
In Azhagi's Unicode Editor, if you click on 'Tools->Options' and select the 'modern' style ('classic' style is the default), then the mappings for "t, T, d, D, th, Th, dh, Dh" change (To view the key-mappings table for the same, please visit multi.html and click on 'modern style' link given under your chosen language). In Azhagi+, you can effect this same setting by clicking 'Tools->Options->Other Languages'.
Important note on 'ch'
In Azhagi's Unicode Editor, if you click on 'Tools->Options' and tick the 'ch, Ch' checkbox, then 'ch' would also take the same mapping as that of 'c'.
Various other important options
Click here. Herein, you can learn more on the above options too.
|Consonants with nukta (dot)|
ড় = Dxa, ঢ় = Dhxa, য় = yxa
|Conjuncts (Consonant Clusters)|
The consonant conjuncts get formed automatically as you keep typing your words.
১ = 1x, ২ = 2x, ৩ = 3x, ৪ = 4x, ৫ = 5x
৬ = 6x, ৭ = 7x, ৮ = 8x, ৯ = 9x, ০ = 0x
- x when applied after certain Bengali letters modifies them. For e.g.
kruxpaa = কৃপা, Rux = ৠ, ঽ = ऽ (avagraha), ১ = १ (Bengali numeral 1)
- Whenever x does not take the role of a modifier, it just prints 'ক্ষ'. For e.g.
laxman = লক্ষ্মন
- ` when applied before certain Bengali consonants modifies them. For e.g.
`g = ঙ, `j = ঞ, j`j = জ্ঞ
- ` when applied between certain Bengali consonants (like k`h, g`h, t`h, d`h, etc.) helps them to form their natural conjuncts. For e.g.
bakkiMghaam = বক্কিংঘাম whereas bakkiMg`haam = বক্কিংগ্হাম
- X can be applied between Bengali consonants to help form their half-consonants. For e.g.
rakshaa = রক্ষা whereas rakXshaa = রক্শা
- XX can be applied between Bengali consonants to help form consonants with halant symbol. For e.g.
baakyaa = বাক্যা whereas baakXXyaa = বাক্যা
- X or XX can be applied between certain Bengali vowels (say 'ai' or 'ou') to help them get separated into their component vowels. For e.g.
priyaiMDiyaa = প্রিযৈংডিযা whereas priyaXiMDiyaa = প্রিযইংডিযা
If you have any doubts or if you wish to give your suggestions/comments on any aspect of Azhagi/Azhagi+, please always join 'Azhagi' online support groups (please see http://azhagi.com/groups.html
for details) and post your queries/suggestions/comments therein. However, if you are quite new to Azhagi/Azhagi+ and need some basic help during the initial phases, then please do mail me (at noblehearted at gmail dot com
). Kindly note that I can understand only English and Tamil (my mother tongue) and a little bit of written/spoken Hindi and Malayalam (as I graduated from Regional Engineering College, Calicut). All about me, if you are interested, at: http://azhagi.com/story.html
. My personal contacts are at: http://azhagi.com/contacts.html