What is UTF-8 and UTF-16? Which one should I use for conversion?

UTF-8 and UTF-16

·      UTF-8 and UTF-16 are 2 different ways for representing your Unicode characters. To briefly touch on the technical side, in UTF-8, anywhere between one to four 8-bit units are used to represent a particular Unicode character. In UTF-16, 16 bit units are used to represent (in either big-endian or little-endian format) a particular Unicode character. [ There is also UTF-32 format which is mostly used in Unix only ].

·      As such, UTF-8 is the most popular and standard format for Web Pages. So, if you are designing web pages, you can opt for conversion to UTF-8 format always (which is the default setting in Azhagi's 'unicode converters'). For other purposes, you may choose UTF-8 or UTF-16 according to your specifications and requirements.

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